centers and Hospitals

Nature of the health system in the country

The health system is based on the concept of primary health care, secondary and tertiary health care. At the primary level there are community health workers, clinics, and outreach services. At the secondary level, there are health centers (which provide inpatient and outpatient care services). They also serve as referral points for initial levels. The high level includes specialized hospitals and referral hospitals.
The health sector includes a workforce of 275 doctors, 3074 nurses and 275 nursing assistants and pharmacists.

Tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS continue to be a challenge in Swaziland. Tuberculosis cases increased from 300 cases per 100,000 people in 1990 to more than 1,000 cases per 100,000 people. It is also estimated that around 230,000 people live with HIV / AIDS and more than 17,000 of those with AIDS have access to the drug ARV, which helps improve the health status of people living with HIV and makes them naturally coexist with the disease.

Health care in the Kingdom has two shapes the formal and informal sectors. The informal sector consists of traditional health practitioners and other unorganized service providers. Western health services are official in the Kingdom and consist of public and private health services.

  • National Referral Hospital, which is also considered a regional hospital located in Mbabane
  • specialized referral hospitals:
  • There are only two specialized hospitals, one specializing in chest diseases called TB Hospital and the other specializes in the provision of medical services for mothers and children and is called Women & Children's Clinic.
  • There are also two hospitals in the Kingdom supported by Christian ecclesiastical organizations that serve the public.
  • There is a hospital providing services to workers in the industrial sector.

There are also 8 public health units, 12 health centers and 76 clinics. The first intensive care unit in the country was inaugurated at the National Referral Hospital in 1998, followed by the kidney unit in 2003. Recently, the intensive care and a kidney disease units were recently opened in (RFM) hospital located in Manzini.